Having technology that runs amok is found all through horror tales. It can take the form of a humanoid robot like Terminator (1984) or Evil Maria in Metropolis (1927) or something more archaic or intangible like the robot in Chopping Mall (1986) or Hal from 2001: A Space Odyssey (1968).
Or science being scary could have nothing to do with a robot. It could be an object we don’t understand, but is technology-based. We find this in stories and films such as Event Horizon (1997) and Sphere (1998). Being afraid of the technology we bring into the world or the technology we discover is a natural place to introduce horror into a story.